Page Size Optimization & Digital Graphics

A website is more than just links, graphics, and words. There’s another side of web development that makes the page more user-friendly. A website can’t only look functional, it has to work functional as well. And that includes what is added to the web page. When a web page is slow, it doesn’t matter how amazing it looked (or could’ve looked) because humanity no longer has the time to wait a few seconds for a digital location rich in information. This is what makes Page Size Optimization so important, as it directly effects the size of your web page along with the time it takes to load for a user. I’ll also cover the type of digital graphics that can be inserted in to a web page and how it’s efficiently used.

Managing the Page Weight

Photo by Christina Morillo from Pexels

To start off, we need to know what Page Size Optimization it. It’s the practice of managing the weight or size of a web page by its amount of content in order for it to keep its functionality. Think of it as a wheelbarrow being pushed up a hill. It does its job well at holding objects, but the heavier the items inside the wheelbarrow, the harder it will take to reach the top of the hill. This of course results in a slower time to push the wheelbarrow. A web page can only load so much content at a time, which is something that a user is quick to notice. To reduce the page weight and speed up loading time, try to remove excessive custom fonts. Of course, custom fonts add uniqueness and originality to a web page, but it carries a lot of weight which adds up to your overall page size. Therefore, it’s best to also limit the number of custom fonts you use to at least two. If you can’t bear to let them go, many web developers recommend making WOFF2 files. It converts your custom font to the most efficient format for browsers, which helps reduce the weight of your web page. Another thing that can reduce the page weight would be to limit the sizes of your images. The dimensions of an image should never be bigger than its container. You can make the size to fill up the entire container if you wish, but never make it bigger. To help with the image’s file size, you can also compress the image, which shrinks the image even more.

Digital Graphics for Web Pages

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To add on to images in a web page, it’s important to know when it’s best to use JPG, GIF, PNG, should be used in a web page. To start off, JPG have always been the first file type to depend on for web images. They allow raster editing and compression, which helps them download easier. Next, there’s GIF, or Graphics Interchange Format. It’s a raster format that is used for animated graphics and comes with customization settings which could help reduce the file size. It’s best to use it when you need a web animation that’s a small file and allows transparency. Lastly, there’s PNG, or Portable Network Graphic. It’s also a raster format that comes with transparency and a higher color depth. PNGs have currently taken the crown for the best file to use when needing high-quality web graphics that are still small in file size. 


Overall, web development can be very methodical, so I hope this collection of information helped clear things up. If you couldn’t tell, I am not a professional web developer, so I too had to research information on it. If you would like to learn more about Page Size Optimization and when to use Digital Graphics, check out the links respectively. Good Luck!

The Wonders of WordPress

Out of every innovation and advancement made in the 21th century, the one thing that underlines the modern world is globalization. We as humans are more connected than ever before, which in turn rises the need for individualism and self-expression. This is what explains why social media and broadcasting platforms are heavily used. So it’s no wonder Word Press is such a well-respected CMS (Content Management System). Word Press is used to create and manage any digital content that created with it. Because there’s so much you can do with Word Press, it’s could be used for business websites, blogs, portfolios, authors, journalists, and much more. So in this post, we’ll discuss what makes Word Press one of the more efficient CMS you can ever find.

Actions Speak Louder than Words

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Instead of finding ways to revere the greatness of Word Press, I find it more effective to just explain in detail what Word Press is capable of. As a CMS, Word Press allows virtually anyone to create a website without having masterly programming skills to create one. You can acquire the simplified version with WordPress.com or the full version on WordPress.org, but they’re fully functionally and easy-to-use. Word Press guides the user through building their site, providing countless themes and plugins to give them the website they desire. Additionally, it doesn’t take much to manage, especially with the feature that allows multiple users access to the website’s management system.

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Now without knowing about other CMS, it’s difficult to see how Word Press could be so worthy of praise. But unlike other CMS such as Joomla and Drupal, Word Press can be accessed by anyone anywhere, no matter the skill or device used. This makes it very user-friendly. Because of the many available features, it can be used for a wide range of topics. It also has a huge community of users you can find from around the world to connect with. Where else can you find a free system that caters so much to an everyday user?


Overall, Word Press truly is the place to be. A place where someone could present themselves to the world for free shouldn’t be taken for granted. I wouldn’t doubt a service that’s highly recommended by so many people, but don’t take my word for it. For more information on WordPress and how it fairs against competition, check out these websites for each topic respectively. Enjoy!

The Rave on Bootstrap CSS

Technology has really expanded its inclusiveness due to the abundant access that the general population can retrieve. This is because now not only do we have everything, but we can learn how to do everything. Remember when people who knew how to make print designs or design websites were seen as super geniuses (or just nerds)? Now with a few lessons and programs with free-to-use graphics, anyone could be a graphic designer! This is where websites like Canva and Bootstrap CSS step in. For now, we’re going to target Bootstrap CSS to figure out why this powerful website is so highly praised.

What is Bootstrap CSS?

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Bootstrap CSS was released in August 2011 as a free-to-use mobile-first framework for developing websites, including templates and JavaScript plugins. Some of the HTML and CSS design template they provide are for typography, navigation, tables, and much more. It’s quick and easy development process allows developers to create responsive web designs. In other words, your website will be able to automatically adjust themselves to work on all devices. As mentioned before, you don’t have to be a whiz at programming to build a website because anyone with basic knowledge of HTML and CSS and use Bootstrap. And because Bootstrap is compatible with all modern browsers like Chrome, Firefox, Safari and Edge, it can be used by virtually anyone with a PC. It’s no wonder that there’s so much hype about such an product.

Bootstraps Popularity

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Bootstrap quickly gained popularity as a reliable front-end framework for building websites and web applications. Such a reputation can be shown in the fact that it have a market share with more than 16% of all websites. In January 2020, there were over 1.74 billion websites on the internet. This makes Bootstrap accountable for over 278 million websites (if I did my math correctly). With this much websites found globally, what makes this design framework so infamous? It’s simply because of how effective and easy it is to use. Frameworks such as Bootstrap can add consistency to your projects without having to constantly recode since it comes with pre-built options. This is what allows developers to build beautiful, user-friendly web designs. So it goes without saying, if you wish to create great responsive websites, use Bootstrap


It’s honestly thrilling when you think about how far technology has come from here. Hopefully this information (and recommendation) helps you out with any future web designing projects. For more information check out these websites about Bootstrap CSS and its features here. Enjoy!

Web-Safe Colors

Technology has really expanded and evolved in the past decade. Each time I research and write about it, I’m constantly reminded. And that’s something that can’t be ignored as it has grown so much that technology has woven itself into our daily lives. Because such an innovation has rapidly improved in many ways, the problems and limits that followed such tech are now long gone. For example, not being able to see every color on the monitor. Not because it was in monochrome (of course) but because the computer monitor couldn’t display every color. In this moment, we’ll dive into the technical problems of the late 18th century.


The Rise of Web Safe Colors

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In 1977, home computers were created and became a common home appliance around the 1980s. As amazing as the new technology was, it was very confined in what it could’ve done, especially compared to today’s computers. In terms of colors, computer monitors could only project 256 colors. So, when there was an image or graphic was couldn’t be displayed on the monitor, the closest color to the original that the monitor could use would replace it. To make thing simpler, a color palette of 216 colors were chosen as ‘web-safe’. So, what were these colors and how did they work?

The Complex Color Palette

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For starters, these web-safe colors didn’t come with names, but were identified by certain RGB values: 0, 51, 102, 153, 204, and 255. Since these numbers are multiples of 51, they are used via percentages to determine the reduction of red, green, and blue. Basically, starting with 255 each color loses its hue by each 51 reduced, leaving you with 36 colors in one palette and 6 groups of colors. If that sounds too complicated, it’s because it is complicated. But this carefully calculated formula allowed a variety of colors to be displayed through all monitors of different brands.

Do We Still Need It?

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With all this information, a question arises: should we still stick to web-safe colors when placing images and graphics into the Internet? As stated before, this was the solution to a problem involving monitors that could only show at most 256 colors. But today, that’s no longer a consideration with how much our technology has advanced. Most digital/ graphic designers wouldn’t ask themselves this question anymore. However, it’s still a valid question to wonder. And the answer varies on the uploader. Web-safe colors are still a color mode that can be used but isn’t necessary unless you want to allow more antique monitors see the graphics clearly. But overall, web-safe colors are still important, even if it’s not such a concern anymore.


With such a complicated topic and basic analyzation, it’s not wrong to still have questions. If you would like to further explore the history behind web-safe colors, here’s the website I used for its history and functionality. Enjoy!

CMYK & RGB: What’s the Difference?

Here we are again with another round of ‘What’s the Difference?’ in the world of digital design! In this blog we’ll cover the two types of color modes and their comparisons. To many digital designers, these terms are well-known but not as much spoken about. For all we know at the moment, CMYK and RGB deal with colors and how these colors are seen in certain situations. But what about them? Why are they so important in designing graphics? And what are they specialized for? With these questions set in stone, we’ll begin with the research on these two important color modes.


CMYK

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For starters, the color mode CMYK is an a abbreviation for Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, and BlacK. These are the colors used to print graphics and images. The ink is used via subtractive mixing to turn a blank white page into a page with various particular colors. As stated before, the CMYK color mode is used for graphics and images that will be physically printed, so this color mode is best used with business cards, flyers, t-shirts, restaurant menus, etc. When preparing a digital graphic for printing, most file formats are compatible for CMYK, but some files are most suited for printing than others. The most compatible file formats for CMYK are PDFs, AI (Adobe Illustrator, if you have access to it), and EPS (a good file format for vector programs besides Illustrator).

RGB

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Next up is RGB, an abbreviation for the colors Red, Green, and Blue. These three colors are used via additive mixing to turn a black screen into a screen full of colors varying in intensity. Such freedom with the colors can allow the designer to adjust how shaded, vibrant, and saturated the colors are projected. When I say ‘screen’ I’m referring to digital screens such as: computers, smartphones, televisions, etc. The RGB color modes allows graphics to be seen on such screens like icons, online ads, images, videos, and more. Just like CMYK, RGB has file formats that they can work best with. These formats are JPEGs, GIFs, PNGs, and PSD (for Adobe Photoshop).


With this new found information, I believe he have a lot to thank these color modes for (or at least the engineers who created them). These modes are not only responsible for the many physical things we see around, but for the seemingly endless digital graphics we encounter each day. Hopefully this post clears up the confusion for these commonly used terms, and helps you determine when and how to use CMYK and RGB. If you were unsatisfied with the brief explanation, feel free to use the website I used as research for the color modes. Enjoy!

Photoshop Files: 72 DPI vs. 300 DPI

Infamous for its versatile usages, Photoshop is compatible with many projects and occupations. And because it is a powerful and precise software, it has precise measurements and adjustments. This is where photo resolution comes in; which is how clear and sharp a photo appears. A photo’s resolution can be measured in DPI, or dots per inch. This measurement is used by printers to know how many dots they must rationally place when printed. Based on this post’s title, it’s safe to assume that 72 DPI probably isn’t as good as 300 DPI, because the more dots present, the better detailed the picture will be. But if it’s true, then why use 72 DPI? I wondered myself until I found out that 72 DPI is the standard measurement for computer screens. Or at least it was. It was a confusing fact because many computers are pretty big in size, making an image of 72 DPI seem small or at least blurry. And that’s when I researched some more and found that because technology has improved so much, that DPI differences aren’t noticed on device screens and therefore really don’t matter.

72 DPI

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Back in the 1980s when computers were a newer concept and smaller, Apple’s Macintosh had a 9 inch display and 72 DPI. And despite the evolution of computers, many people still hold onto the stigma that a computer’s resolution should be 72 DPI. So ignore what I said in the introduction: DPI is not a measurement for computer screens (anymore), but for printing out an image. Now that it’s clear, lets focus on image resolutions when printing. Image size and resolution go hand-in-hand, and the chosen DPI affects the overall size of the photo when printed. Additionally, an original image’s PPI-pixels per inch-can affect the image size when changed by the DPI. For example, if you have image with 500 x 500 pixels and change the resolution to 72 DPI, the image may grow or shrink in size to match the amount of dots you want an image to have. Overall, 72 DPI isn’t that bad, but what if you compare it to 300 DPI?

300 DPI

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Just for clarifications (because I’m we’re both a bit confused), an image with the resolution of 72 DPI looks fine on a computer screen so don’t bother changing it for a better photo unless it’s going to be printed. In this case, most photographers print their photos with the resolution of 300 DPI. This is the standard industry quality because the higher amount of dots will make the image more detailed and sharper. If the image resolution as 72 DPI, then the photo would be a good size, but pretty blurry. Now you’re probably wondering why Photoshop is in the title when it was only mentioned once. When printing an image, you can edit an image’s resolution on Photoshop before printing it. How to change image resolution: Image > Image Size > Resolution. That being said, I can conclude this blog here. We covered the differences, the myths, and the methods of image resolution. Hopefully, you got the gist of it but if not here’s the websites I used for DPI and the differences of 72 and 300 DPI. Good Luck!

5 Most Common Software/ Hardware Mistakes

Technology has evolved continuously over time, and for the better most of the time. In this case, it’s safe to say that the computer has advance greatly from the room-filling box it used to be. But as it gets more complicated and intricate, certain computer components can get easily damaged or can malfunction if not used properly. Although it may seem like the computer can never come back after a mistake, there can be a way to safe it along with the data (although I can’t guarantee because I’m not a computer technician). So regain hope as I cover 5 common software or malware mistakes.

Full Memory

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As much as we like to believe, a computer in itself can’t store every data it receives. In every computer is a hard drive that stores info directly. If it gets too full, it slows down the CPU (Central Processing Unit) completely making the computer strenuous to use. That’s why external storage like USB drives and cloud storage are promoted, to store more data without damaging the computer’s hard ware. So if you have a slow computer, it’s suggested to delete data that you don’t need (photos, documents, etc.) and place the rest on a external drive.


Not Cleaning Programs

If certain software or the computer as a whole spasms out or is very slow and non responsive, it could be because of malware or a virus. Malware is a software that damages an OS or secretly gets access to a computer, including information. A virus is some code that can corrupt and destroy an OS once it’s executed in someone’s PC. Of course this is on the more extreme spectrum of reason, but better safe than sorry. All of this can be avoided if your computer is regularly scanned and checked for old, unused data and fix damaged programs. There are many programs that specialize for this and saves many computers from their doom each year.

Slow Internet

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Believe it or not, internet issues doesn’t only come from the router. Problems with the device’s hard ware or other softwares and result in slow internet. Some examples would be from having too much tabs and cookies while online. Or having a damaged hard drive that just needs to be replaced overall. It’s hard to focus on one thing when there’s a bunch of other unfinished tasks in the way. The same goes for a computer. A good suggestion would be to clean up computer softwares, delete unwanted cookies and internet history, and try to clear up space.

Computer Updates

Although a computer usually updates itself when given permission, there’s some people that haven’t done so. As a computer ages and other add-in software improve, a PC can lack the power and intelligence to process the new advances. This results in small bugs and very slow performance, which gets pretty annoying really quickly. The more sensible way to avoid it is to allow the PC to automatically search for new updates and update itself. With this quick fix, half of one’s common problems go away instantly! So please, for your life and the computer’s life, update it (unless you don’t want to, then fine).

Working with Missing Commands

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Have you ever shopped online and were about to check out and process the products, but changed your mind moments after? So now you’re trying to hit the cancel button while the page is still loading all this data. And nothing happens. So you have to find someone to contact and cancel the order. Annoying right? This is because certain commands on a website or software doesn’t exist; they’re missing. Understand that all commands are either placed in by programmer, or learnt by processor itself (a probability, not a certainty). When given two contradicting commands at once, such as proceed and cancel, it could cause the software to freeze. And if you’re super lucky, it can crash. As a common PC user, there isn’t a way to fix this issue with coding and ethical hacking. The best way to limit these functional errors would be to clear memory space, update and restart the PC, and don’t overwork the hard drive or software.


There’s much more problems when handling computers, but surely I got a general collection of the more common ones. As a person with a no in-depth knowledge of hard wares and softwares, I admit that these may not be the best solutions. That’s why I looked to these websites about computer issues and software issues for background knowledge. Hope this helped or at least brought awareness. Stay safe, my friends.

Digital Storage Devices

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If there’s two things that I know are main concepts of a working computer, it would be processing, and storage. There are a bunch more components that make up a computer, but at the moment, I’ll only be focusing on storage which is important since it’s what the computer relies on to do previous tasks and pull up old information. There’s three types of storage devices for a computer: Internal, External, and Cloud. Extra information about each storage device can be found with the links in each category below!

Internal

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Internal storage devices are hard drives that stores a computer’s application and information. All data placed in the internal storage devices are directly in the computer’s memory. This means that the only way to retrieve that info again would be to use that specific device where it is stored. This makes internal storage devices pretty limiting and therefore not always depended on. An example of an internal storage would be a Flash Memory. It’s a very common internal storage device that stores info electronically.

External

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External storage devices are drives that aren’t originally found in a computer’s system. There’s many types of external storage devices that can be removable, or accessed through a wired connect. The main purpose of the storage device is to hold extra memory outside of a computer’s storage; and it doesn’t cost much to do it. This type of storage device is very common and be something small like a usb drive, to something as big as an external hard drive.

Cloud

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Instead of having a tangible storage device, Cloud storage devices uses the internet to send a user’s data to a remote memory database. Because the memory is held in a database network, one’s info can be retrieved anywhere they find Internet access. No need to use a physical storage drive, or one computer that is storing the data. Now it’s virtually everywhere and ready to be retrieved at any random time. This type of storage cam contribute to group projects, where their work and be accessed and transferred to any person easily.

Each type of storage device is very convenient in their own way and the decision on what storage device to use depends on they type of work done, and comfortably. One for quick storage in the computer, another to physically take and retrieve on any device. And of course one that can be digitally accessed wherever there is Internet. Each storage device comes with their own issues and risks, but they all have something to contribute. And that’s memory storage! The End!

PC and Mac Operating Systems: What’s the Difference?

Which do you prefer? PC or Mac?

Before comparing and contrasting, it’s good to know what an operating system is. A computer’s operating system or OS is what controls the computer’s memory and processing of all its software and hardware. There are two major operating systems which are PC (Personal Computer) OS and MacOS. The MacOS is specifically for all Macintosh computers which PC OS is more universal and found on various types of computer brands. So with two distinct operating systems, what sets them apart?

MacOS

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Starting off with Mac (only because I’m going in alphabetical order), the Mac has been known to be more “user-friendly”. It comes with many built-in software that’s very useful for most types of work. Such includes: GarageBand, Pages, iMovie, Keynote, and much much more. Additionally, if you are an Apple user, the Mac is very compatible with all Apple devices (almost like magic, really). However, the MacOS isn’t very open to other software which limits the amount of add-ins to the computer. Another complaint is the lack of touchscreen ability. Unlike HP or Dell PCs, no Mac devices include a touchscreen. It can be limiting to some extend, but not much of an issue. A bigger issue would be the higher pricing. For a OS that can’t be versatile with the many soft wares available, there shouldn’t be a reason for the high price. Overall, a Mac is better for basic work and user-productivity.

PC OS

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Then there’s the Personal Computer OS. This general OS is well-known for the ability to process multiple software from other origins. And while Mac is compatible with other Apple devices, PC works great with many accessories from different companies. It’s an operating system that can function well on computers and tablets while constantly updating and adding new features. It really keeps its name as a personal computer: able to work any way in favor of the user. Despite it’s capabilities, even it has it’s downfalls. Yes, this software does update itself often, but where MacOS has updates that fixes any issues or bugs, the PC focuses more on adding new features that can cause a bigger mess if the system just needs to be cleaned and fixed. Moreover, with openness to virtually everything on the internet, a computer can be at risk when downloading software that could have a virus or receiving pop-ups that could get access to any personal information. So basically, with great power comes great responsibility in terms of PC OS. At the end of the day, I have no actual bias on the best operating system. I work well with whatever work well with me. But to each their own, right?

Major shout-out to these websites for explaining what an operating system is, and giving good points to each side of the competitive MacOS and PC OS operating systems!

Ergonomics & Computer Safety

We are living in a time where billions of people are connected without ever seeing each other once. And it’s through technology, more specifically the internet. Despite technology being an amazing innovation, using technology can be just as harmful. Not just from external dangers, but internal dangers like procrastination or being distracted (which I’m a master at). Therefore, it’s important to be conscious about how you use a computer. A slogan I skillfully crafted with my IQ of 84 is to Protect and Prevent. Protection is applied to computer safety and Prevention is a double meaning for both computer safety and ergonomics.

Don’t end up like this guy. Be smart, Be safe.
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Photo by Simon Abrams on Unsplash

When it comes to the enemies of the internet, it’s usually spams and scams. Getting scammed of information isn’t fun, especially if you never saw it coming due to little understanding. As a person who got scammed and lost a laptop because of it, I know the value of protecting your device. A few ways to protect your computer would be to buy and download and Anti-virus software to protect your computer from viruses and malware. They’re like antibiotics for your computer, and it’s worth it. You can also regularly update your computer to avoid security issues. While it’s good to protect your computer, it’s even better to protect your information. The anti-virus software also prevents stolen personal information, but it’s recommended to have a backup storage to keep your info in case your computer gets stolen or destroyed. These are a few tips that I found to be very important, but if you’d like more tips or explanations, you can read off the website I found here. More importantly, when working on the computer, you don’t only need to protect the device, but your mind. Protect your mind and work progress by working in a peaceful in environment with little distraction. Get comfortable and make sure you have everything you need at arm’s reach to avoid constant stops. It’s surprising how easily one can lose motivation once they focus on something else. Focus on one task at a time and place a set schedule to make sure everything is done in an orderly fashion. Don’t overwork your computer nor your mind.

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After protecting your computer, you need to do a little more preparations to prevent any unwanted situations from ever happening. Some good preparations would be to use strong passwords for your personal accounts. It’s not always the best to make your passwords the same or have them based off of personal details in your life. Be unique and very unpredictable. If you have to make a security answer for “What’s your favorite color?”, don’t say “purple”. Instead, make the answer “President Gore Green8”. Another great asset to a safe computer would be ad-block. Ad block really helps in preventing scammers from disrupting your time using ads that could lead to viruses or stolen information. It’s always best to stop the problem before the problem stops you. In terms of ergonomics, the study of one’s efficiency when working, I found a really good website with tips on how to be productive when working. My favorites where to minimize interruptions to keep focus and motivated, make your own deadlines, and take regular break so you don’t overwork your brain. Being efficient isn’t only about doing all your work quickly, but correctly without going into overdrive. And when you prevent problems, you get progress. So be safe and be successful.

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