Destructive & Non-destructive Photoshop Operations

Photo editing comes in two ways: destructive and non-destructive. That’s pretty much it. The term ‘destructive’ doesn’t mean that the photo is torn up and ruined though (as alarming as it sounds). It’s the way the pixels of the original photo are permanently altered forever. After editing a photo on Photoshop, you can’t open it back up on Photoshop and revert it back to the original. It’s altered forever. Many editors don’t like this idea, so here’s the different types of destructive and non-destructive operations on Photoshop.


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As stated before, destructive editing manipulates the pixels on the original photo. Photoshop itself and many other Adobe programs are dubbed “destructive editing applications” because of its many adjustments that destroy the original photo pixels. This makes it hard to give exact examples of destructive editing since the entire software is a destructive editor (how dangerous!). Once you tint, crop, add filters, erase, or use the healing brush, the pixels are no longer the same. Of course, this is a disadvantage as you can’t take back what you changed-and undo and redo doesn’t count in my point. To combat it because Photoshop has a lot of potential, editors find non-destructive ways to edit their photos. These tricks are harder to find if you’re a beginner at using Photoshop, but even Adobe gives info about non-destructive edit methods!


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The standard non-destructive method in Photoshop would be to duplicate the original photo and edit it on a separate layer. This is very effective in editing and saving the altered copy while keeping the original untouched. But there’s much more to this safe way of editing on Photoshop. To share a few methods on non-destructive editing, you can crop photos and revert it to its original whenever you please by turning off the “Delete Cropped Pixels” check box. You can also use vector masks and filter masks which hide the pixels you edited instead of deleting them. And then there’s adjustment layers that can edit a photo’s tone and color and change it back to the original whenever you need to.

Overall, Photoshop is a great yet destructive program. Many editors turn to other programs like Aperture and Adobe Lightroom that aren’t destructive. And while that’s well and fair, you don’t have to lose hope on the capability of Photoshop’s operations. There are many ways to edit photos on Photoshop without destroying the original if you look hard enough. If you would like more information on the differences of destructive and non-destructive editing, along with tips on non-destructive editing on Photoshop, click on the links given respectively. I hope you’ve been enlightened!

Multimedia Presentation

Remember when presentations back then mainly consisted of a speech with flash cards and pictures that were passed around to the audience (if they even had some to show)? Well now in the 21st century we don’t have to be as basic anymore! With technology stronger and smarter than ever, we can make ideas and discussions more engaging and understandable. This is done with Multimedia Presentations, exhibitions that use cool graphics and forms of media to make your topic interesting and helpful. A popular software would be Microsoft PowerPoint, and there’s also Apple Keynote which are great at making multimedia presentations. Some examples of what is usually found in these presentations are:


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Videos can be found in multimedia presentations to add extra info or recap their topic from other sources. Sometimes hearing a different sound can grab the audience’s attention. And what better way to speak based off outside sources than to show the audience themselves. Whether they’re short clips or hours long, the type of video is determined by whatever the speaker wants to show. To give a few examples, people present music videos, clips of movie scenes, spoken word performances, or recorded experiments. The possibilities are endless. So put your presentation in motion!


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Something more amusing for the ears would be auditory media. This isn’t commonly used since it’s just auditory and little visuals. But if used the right way, it can be pretty cool. Things like sounds of daily life (nature, gatherings, etc) or certain music could be used. It could even be simple background music to cancel out the overbearing silence. To give an idea, let’s say a speaker presents an audio clip of birds singing and tweeting in the morning. Now imagine life without such sounds due to climate change. Really makes one wonder…


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And lastly there’s animations, a relatively newbie in multimedia presentations. A basic idea on animations could be the cool slide transitions that you see in Microsoft PowerPoint. That’s a form of animation that can be found in most presentations, but what about actual graphics and animations. This could be a GIF, a 2D or 3D animation, or a stop-motion. Although at first glance they seem weird to add to a presentation, it’s a very creative way to share info and entertain the audience.

After reading this, you may realize how common multimedia presentations are without even noticing it. It’s become the social norm, with little knowledge of what it is. To be a very complex form of presentation made simple enough for a primary school student to use, that’s pretty impressive. There’s much more to a multimedia presentation as the creative world expands each day (even each hours!), but these features are the foundations of a multimedia presentation. I hope you take the time to make a few of your own!

Show out to Presentation Magazine for their super simple explanation on Multimedia Presentations! Check them out here!

5 Most Common Software/ Hardware Mistakes

Technology has evolved continuously over time, and for the better most of the time. In this case, it’s safe to say that the computer has advance greatly from the room-filling box it used to be. But as it gets more complicated and intricate, certain computer components can get easily damaged or can malfunction if not used properly. Although it may seem like the computer can never come back after a mistake, there can be a way to safe it along with the data (although I can’t guarantee because I’m not a computer technician). So regain hope as I cover 5 common software or malware mistakes.

Full Memory

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As much as we like to believe, a computer in itself can’t store every data it receives. In every computer is a hard drive that stores info directly. If it gets too full, it slows down the CPU (Central Processing Unit) completely making the computer strenuous to use. That’s why external storage like USB drives and cloud storage are promoted, to store more data without damaging the computer’s hard ware. So if you have a slow computer, it’s suggested to delete data that you don’t need (photos, documents, etc.) and place the rest on a external drive.

Not Cleaning Programs

If certain software or the computer as a whole spasms out or is very slow and non responsive, it could be because of malware or a virus. Malware is a software that damages an OS or secretly gets access to a computer, including information. A virus is some code that can corrupt and destroy an OS once it’s executed in someone’s PC. Of course this is on the more extreme spectrum of reason, but better safe than sorry. All of this can be avoided if your computer is regularly scanned and checked for old, unused data and fix damaged programs. There are many programs that specialize for this and saves many computers from their doom each year.

Slow Internet

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Believe it or not, internet issues doesn’t only come from the router. Problems with the device’s hard ware or other softwares and result in slow internet. Some examples would be from having too much tabs and cookies while online. Or having a damaged hard drive that just needs to be replaced overall. It’s hard to focus on one thing when there’s a bunch of other unfinished tasks in the way. The same goes for a computer. A good suggestion would be to clean up computer softwares, delete unwanted cookies and internet history, and try to clear up space.

Computer Updates

Although a computer usually updates itself when given permission, there’s some people that haven’t done so. As a computer ages and other add-in software improve, a PC can lack the power and intelligence to process the new advances. This results in small bugs and very slow performance, which gets pretty annoying really quickly. The more sensible way to avoid it is to allow the PC to automatically search for new updates and update itself. With this quick fix, half of one’s common problems go away instantly! So please, for your life and the computer’s life, update it (unless you don’t want to, then fine).

Working with Missing Commands

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Have you ever shopped online and were about to check out and process the products, but changed your mind moments after? So now you’re trying to hit the cancel button while the page is still loading all this data. And nothing happens. So you have to find someone to contact and cancel the order. Annoying right? This is because certain commands on a website or software doesn’t exist; they’re missing. Understand that all commands are either placed in by programmer, or learnt by processor itself (a probability, not a certainty). When given two contradicting commands at once, such as proceed and cancel, it could cause the software to freeze. And if you’re super lucky, it can crash. As a common PC user, there isn’t a way to fix this issue with coding and ethical hacking. The best way to limit these functional errors would be to clear memory space, update and restart the PC, and don’t overwork the hard drive or software.

There’s much more problems when handling computers, but surely I got a general collection of the more common ones. As a person with a no in-depth knowledge of hard wares and softwares, I admit that these may not be the best solutions. That’s why I looked to these websites about computer issues and software issues for background knowledge. Hope this helped or at least brought awareness. Stay safe, my friends.

Adobe Softwares & Its Unique Capabilities

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The Adobe franchise is very popular because of their powerful and efficient softwares for design. Their softwares like Photoshop, InDesign, or Premiere Pro are very expensive (which sucks for most people), but it’s for a good reason. Adobe has created around 16 programs for designing and developing, however, there’s at least 8 that are more useful in the art/digital design spectrum. So let’s go down the list based on what each softwares are used for!

Printing Designs

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A good start for the various Adobe softwares would be programs used for printed products. Such printed products would include posters, flyers, book covers, or even logos. In these area, it’s important to incorporate visual attraction with informative skills. From this idea, three Adobe softwares came to mind: Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator, and Adobe InDesign. Overall, these programs are perfect for creating your own unique logos, format typography, and make certain prints to hand out. To better understand, I’ll give a very brief explanation of what they’re typically used for separately. Photoshop is one of the most popular design softwares used to edit photos, develop graphics, and create digital designs that can be printed or shared online. Illustrator is focused on creating graphics like Photoshop, but in a different way. Illustrators can make was is called vector art. Vector art is mainly for less detailed elements with curvatures and geometric designs. This is useful for making logos and original cliparts. Then there’s InDesign which brings all the amazing design elements and editing photos together in a printed product. It’s like the advanced version of a Microsoft Page layout. With these three software, one is already an equipped graphic designer!

Web Designs

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More on the digital side of design, web design is fairly easy now-a-days because of the websites and programs that allow a user to have their own website. (kind of like this!) After looking at all of the Adobe softwares, a few programs seemed perfect for the part. This would be Dreamweaver, Fireworks, and Photoshop (again). I won’t go into Photoshop because I already gave it props, but it is very versatile so I added it. On the other hand, Dreamweaver is more based on programming and using codes. Because of the software’s functionality, most users rely on it for creating websites in a simpler way. Fireworks is like the other side of Dreamweaver because deals with vector designs for interactive websites, regular websites, and more. This software is the Illustrator for websites and mobile applications, to state it bluntly. And with the former two, websites and mobile apps wouldn’t be a bad idea to execute.

Animations & Videos

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Moving on to something that’s less still and more lively, Adobe also have softwares for videos and animations. In this era, films and animations have become more popular as technology made them more engaging and thrilling. So of course Adobe will create more amazing softwares to create this type of content. This is where Adobe Animate, Adobe Premiere Pro, and After Effects comes in. Animate, once known as Flash, is used for creating cartoons, interactive comics, and much more. It was very popular years back, whereas now technology has further advanced to something faster and better in quality. Despite that, many websites and media players still put it into use. Premiere Pro is more video-oriented with the ability to edit video tracks to create movies. It’s very basic on it’s capabilities because it focuses on the actual video tracks and clips than special effects. But that’s where After Effects takes the lead by adding special effects to both videos and animations. It makes seemingly hard effects like adding text to frames or using a green screen very easy to manipulate. It truly makes something come to life (as cheesy as it sounds).

Photo Editing & Design

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Last but definitely not least we have photo editing and design. This is definitely the classic form of art so of course there’s many software that can edit and add effects to photos. From Adobe, there’s Adobe Photoshop and Adobe Lightroom which can edit photos and add graphics. Again Photoshop is a very flexible software that can do a lot if you know how to use everything and take advantage of it. That’s why it’s great for editing photos. Then there’s Lightroom, which arranges and organizes photos. This is great for making collages or panoramas after editing it on Photoshop. It sounds simple in theory but is very powerful and efficient in its work.

That being said, there’s nothing more to say about Adobe softwares. Actions speak louder than words and their capabilities speak for themselves. Each software is very flexible and user-friendly so it can be used in a work environment or in the comfort of your home. There’s much more Adobe softwares that haven’t been mentioned, although the softwares already mentioned are more than enough. For more insight on Adobe’s other great software, check out this website that I used fro research!